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AI - Deep Learning (TensorFlow, JupyterLab, VSCode) on Mac

CatchZeng CatchZeng Follow Mar 30, 2021 · 4 mins read
AI - Deep Learning (TensorFlow, JupyterLab, VSCode) on Mac
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In Deep Learning on M1 Mac, it shows how to build a deep learning environment on M1 Mac. Considering that other friends are ordinary Mac, this article shows how to install the deep learning environment on an ordinary Mac.

Conda

Conda is a language-independent cross-platform binary package manager. It is the package manager used for Anaconda installation, but it can also be used on other systems.

Here you can use Anaconda or Miniconda which only contains conda and its dependencies.

Note: Lightweight Miniconda is more recommended. Because for beginners, Conda is mostly used to create virtual environments, Anaconda is rich in features, but it seems overkill here, and the installation package takes up a lot of space.

Anaconda

If you choose Anaconda, go to Official Website to download and install it.

Miniconda

Miniconda provides a variety of installation methods, which can be downloaded from Official Website and installed according to the prompts.

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❯ bash Miniconda3-latest-MacOSX-x86_64.sh

Welcome to Miniconda3 py38_4.9.2

In order to continue the installation process, please review the license
agreement.
Please, press ENTER to continue
......
Miniconda3 will now be installed into this location:
/Users/catchzeng/miniconda3

  - Press ENTER to confirm the location
  - Press CTRL-C to abort the installation
  - Or specify a different location below

[/Users/catchzeng/miniconda3] >>>
PREFIX=/Users/catchzeng/miniconda3
Unpacking payload ...
Collecting package metadata (current_repodata.json): done
Solving environment: done
......
Do you wish the installer to initialize Miniconda3
by running conda init? [yes|no]
[yes] >>> yes
no change     /Users/catchzeng/miniconda3/condabin/conda
no change     /Users/catchzeng/miniconda3/bin/conda
no change     /Users/catchzeng/miniconda3/bin/conda-env
no change     /Users/catchzeng/miniconda3/bin/activate
no change     /Users/catchzeng/miniconda3/bin/deactivate
no change     /Users/catchzeng/miniconda3/etc/profile.d/conda.sh
no change     /Users/catchzeng/miniconda3/etc/fish/conf.d/conda.fish
no change     /Users/catchzeng/miniconda3/shell/condabin/Conda.psm1
no change     /Users/catchzeng/miniconda3/shell/condabin/conda-hook.ps1
no change     /Users/catchzeng/miniconda3/lib/python3.8/site-packages/xontrib/conda.xsh
no change     /Users/catchzeng/miniconda3/etc/profile.d/conda.csh
modified      /Users/catchzeng/.zshrc

==> For changes to take effect, close and re-open your current shell. <==

If you'd prefer that conda's base environment not be activated on startup,
   set the auto_activate_base parameter to false:

conda config --set auto_activate_base false

Thank you for installing Miniconda3!

Create a virtual environment

Create a tensorflow virtual environment

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❯ conda create -n tensorflow python=3.8.5

Activate the environment

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❯ conda activate tensorflow

Install TensorFlow

Install the specified version (2.4.1) TensorFlow here

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❯ pip install tensorflow==2.4.1

Checking

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❯ python
Python 3.8.5 (default, Sep  4 2020, 02:22:02)
[Clang 10.0.0 ] :: Anaconda, Inc. on darwin
Type "help", "copyright", "credits" or "license" for more information.
>>> import tensorflow as tf
>>> print(tf.__version__)
2.4.1

Install JupyterLab

JupyterLab is known as the next-generation notebook, and it is highly recommended. Compared to Jupyter Notebook, JupyterLab is more like an IDE which supports automatic completion (just TAB directly), theme setting, multi-window opening, etc.

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❯ pip install jupyterlab

Start up

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❯ jupyter lab

It will be automatically opened in a browser.

Install other dependencies

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❯ pip install matplotlib

Run TensorFlow in JupyterLab

Run JupyterLab, select a folder (~/tensorflow-notebook/01-hello), and create a new file.

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import tensorflow as tf
hello = tf.constant('Hello, TensorFlow!')
hello.numpy()

Install VSCode

Go to Official Website to download and install VSCode.

Open VSCode and install Python support.

Open the created ~/tensorflow-notebook/01-hello/hello.ipynb, and select Python as the created virtual environment.

Run TensorFlow in VSCode

Summary

At this point, the deep learning environment has been set up. You can choose to use the command line, JupyterLab or VSCode for development according to your own habits.

Further reading

CatchZeng
Written by CatchZeng Follow
I am a boy who likes 💻 deep learning, 📱 mobile and 💻 server development. I like to build some 🔨 tools to improve development efficiency.