iOS 自定义弹出视图的正确姿势

ios

前言

开发时经常会自定义一些弹出视图,比如弹框(Alert)、底部弹出框(Action Sheet)等。自定义弹出视图有许多方法,到底哪种才更正确呢?下面我列举几种方法,一起讨论。先附上我的方案https://github.com/CatchZeng/SwiftPopup

addSubview

顾名思义,就是造出一个 View,然后 add 到 ViewController 的 View 上显示出来,如https://www.jianshu.com/p/de2ecfd770c2的做法。

  • 好处:够简单
  • 坏处:视图&逻辑都在 View 上,职能不清晰,扩展性差,显示依赖于 ViewController

addChildViewController

使用 addChildViewController 方法,将视图显示出来。如 https://www.jianshu.com/p/6d790e6eb2ba 的做法。

  • 好处:简单、职能清晰…
  • 坏处:在导航栏控制器或者标签栏控制器下弹出,会出现没完全覆盖到的情况。

window

新建一个 window,切换成 KeyWindow,将弹出视图作为 rootViewController。代码如下

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func show() {
  previousWindow = UIApplication.shared.keyWindow
  keyWindow = UIWindow(frame: UIScreen.main.bounds)
  keyWindow?.rootViewController = self
  keyWindow?.windowLevel = UIWindowLevelNormal + 100
  keyWindow?.backgroundColor = UIColor.clear
  keyWindow?.makeKeyAndVisible()
}
  • 好处:简单、职能清晰…
  • 坏处:在横屏的时候,第二次弹出时,出现显示问题【暂时不知道为什么】

UIPresentationController

使用 UIPresentationController 自定义转场动画,这也是我的实现方法。 UIPresentationController 是提供高级视图切换的类。它让管理 present ViewController 的过程变得简单。

Presentation

如下图弹出一个 UIViewController,可以和用户交互的 Controller 叫做 PresentedViewController,而后面那个被部分遮挡的 UIViewController 叫做 PresentingViewController.

UIPopoverController 的使用方法

  • 设置 style&delegate
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 modalPresentationStyle = .custom
 transitioningDelegate = self
  • 实现 delegate,此代理需要 UIPresentationController,以及 UIViewControllerAnimatedTransitioning 来自定义转场的动画
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extension SwiftPopup: UIViewControllerTransitioningDelegate {

    public func presentationController(forPresented presented: UIViewController,
                                       presenting: UIViewController?,
                                       source: UIViewController) -> UIPresentationController? {
        let controller = SwiftPopupPresentationController(presentedViewController: presented,
                                                       presenting: presenting)
        controller.backViewColor = backViewColor

        return controller
    }

    public func animationController(forPresented presented: UIViewController,
                                    presenting: UIViewController,
                                    source: UIViewController) -> UIViewControllerAnimatedTransitioning? {
        return showAnimation
    }

    public func animationController(forDismissed dismissed: UIViewController) -> UIViewControllerAnimatedTransitioning? {
        return dismissAnimation
    }
}
  • 实现自定义的 UIPresentationController
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open class SwiftPopupPresentationController: UIPresentationController {
    // MARK: Override Methods

    // 将要开始转场
    override open func presentationTransitionWillBegin() {
    }

    // 将要移除页面
    override open func dismissalTransitionWillBegin() {
    }

   // 是否要移除PresentersView,也就是转场之前的视图,这里为false,因为弹框需要看到之前的视图
    override open var shouldRemovePresentersView: Bool {
        return false
    }
  • 实现自定义的动画
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open class SwiftPopupShowAnimation: NSObject, UIViewControllerAnimatedTransitioning {

    public var duration: TimeInterval = 0.8
    public var delay: TimeInterval = 0.0
    public var springWithDamping: CGFloat = 0.8
    public var springVelocity: CGFloat = 2.0

    open func transitionDuration(using transitionContext: UIViewControllerContextTransitioning?) -> TimeInterval {
        return duration
    }

    open func animateTransition(using transitionContext: UIViewControllerContextTransitioning) {
        guard let toViewController = transitionContext.viewController( forKey: UITransitionContextViewControllerKey.to),
            let toView = transitionContext.view( forKey: UITransitionContextViewKey.to)
            else {
            return
        }

        let containerView = transitionContext.containerView
        toView.frame = transitionContext.finalFrame(for: toViewController)
        containerView.addSubview(toView)

        toView.transform = CGAffineTransform(scaleX: 0.01, y: 0.01)
        UIView.animate(withDuration: duration,
                       delay: delay,
                       usingSpringWithDamping: springWithDamping,
                       initialSpringVelocity: springVelocity,
                       options: .curveEaseInOut, animations: {
                        toView.transform = CGAffineTransform(scaleX: 1.0, y: 1.0)
        }) { (finished) in
            transitionContext.completeTransition(finished)
        }
    }
}
  • Show
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public func show(above viewController: UIViewController? = UIApplication.shared.keyWindow?.rootViewController,
                           completion: (()-> Void)? = nil) {
        mIsShowing = true

        viewController?.present(self, animated: true, completion: completion)
    }
  • Dismiss
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public func dismiss(completion: (()-> Void)? = nil) {
        dismiss(animated: true) {
            self.mIsShowing = false
            completion?()
        }
    }

完整代码 https://github.com/CatchZeng/SwiftPopup

CatchZeng
Written by CatchZeng Follow
AI (Machine Learning) and DevOps enthusiast.